The effective planning and management of shutdowns, turnarounds and planned outages is time-consuming and complex. Failure means increased costs, ..
schedule delays and negative impact on operations.The traditional view of operational shutdowns, turnarounds and outages (STOs) holds that they are maintenance and engineering events. This simplistic view is held by many organizations. A more realistic and holistic perspective, however, recognizes that the impact and scope of STOs extend far beyond the maintenance and engineering functions.