A variety of health and well-being issues resulting from the largest scale lockdown in the 21st century have addressed emerging global challenges for .. Read more urban sustainability and smart city development: how to creatively design local neighbourhood and home in response to changing lifestyles? How urban governance and smart city deal with a variety of social, spatial and information inequalities? Suddenly, the access to all urban services and the living needs of residents were jeopardized. The provision of food and medicine, access to services and the basic needs became a large challenge for authorities, local governments, policymakers and urban planners. On the other hand, the rapid virus transmission in urban areas and the large number of human casualties affected the crisis in health care system's capacity and destroyed access to the living needs. The virus transmission risk through being in urban spaces has accompanied with the sound of the death knell in cities. As the access to basic needs of life via these spaces had the cost equivalent of illness and death for the residents.
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