Ending hunger and malnutrition in all its forms (including undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity) is about more than .. Read more securing enough food to survive: what people eat - and especially what children eat – must also be nutritious. Yet a key obstacle is the high cost of nutritious foods and the low affordability of healthy diets for vast numbers of families. A staggering 3 billion people, perhaps more, cannot afford a healthy diet. In sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia, this is the case for 57% of the population - though no region, including North America and Europe, is spared. In the context of a deepening crisis of hunger and malnutrition brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, a food system transformation is urgently needed to reduce the cost of nutritious foods and increase the affordability of healthy diets. Evidence based and highly cost-effective solutions that can reach all people, such as fortifying staple foods like maize meal, rice, wheat flour, cooking oil, and salt with essential vitamins and minerals, and biofortification to increase nutrient levels in staple crops, are crucial and complementary interventions to ensure the food system delivers a more nutritious diet to all.
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